lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) is an illegal drug whose main effect is to alter the senses and cause hallucinations.
Believing that the drug had a potential medical use specifically in the field of psychiatry, Sandoz Pharmaceuticals distribute the drug to the medical community. Over the next 15 years, the LSD was studied and used by thousands of researchers. The counterculture of the 1960s led to increased use of LSD in the general population.
Descriptions of psychedelic “trips” as well as stories of psychotic behavior and acts of random violence gained media attention. Sandoz subsequently stopped production of the drug.
In 1967, LSD was banned and classified as a Class 1 drug with no acceptable medical use. LSD is still illegal in the United States and internationally.
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Quick facts about LSD
Here are some key points about LSD. More details and supporting information is in the main article.
- LSD is classified as the most powerful hallucinogen.
- naturally occurring hallucinogens have been used for thousands of years in many different cultures as part of certain rituals. 1
- estimates that 1.3 million people aged 12 or more in 2013 (0.5% of the population) have used hallucinogens. 2 A
- The current dose of LSD is only a fraction of what it was in the 1960s
- LSD blurs the line between perception and imagination.
- The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) conducted bizarre experiments on LSD to assess their potential for mind control. 3
- Use may trigger onset of schizophrenia in those predisposed to the disease.
- Average users are educated white males 18-22 years old.
- The use or sale of LSD and is a felony.
- craving and addiction do not develop with use.
- The hallucinogenic effect can last up to 12 hours.
- LSD is odorless and colorless, with a slightly bitter taste.
What is LSD?
LSD is a semisynthetic drug, which means that combines two substances of natural origin or of human origin. It is derived from ergot, a fungus that grows in certain grains, and organic chemistry diethylamide not call.
The psychedelics such as LSD, are part of a broader class of psychoactive drugs known as hallucinogens.
LSD on stimulates serotonin in the cortex and deep structures of the brain, causing alterations in sensory perception, mood and thought patterns. 3
These alterations appear as hallucinations or sensations that seem real but are created by the mind.
Often referred to as “figment of imagination”, these perceptions may involve all or only one of the five senses. LSD causes primarily visual, such as colors and distorted forms hallucinations. You can also make the mixture of the senses known as synesthesia, who knows colors or see sounds.
The use of LSD is called “shot” and users can get a good (heaven) or bad (hell) trip.
LSD is colorless and odorless, and a tiny amount equivalent to two grains of salt is all necessary to experience the effects of the drug dose. LSD is taken orally through the capsule, pill, sugar cubes, gum, and liquid drops colorful transferred to blotting paper. Among the options average dosage of between 25 to 80 mcg. 4
LSD active serotonin receptors in the brain; these receptors help visualize and interpret the real world. LSD literally causes an explosion of serotonin, allowing more stimuli to be taken as opposed to the usual practice of filtering out the brain. This overload of stimuli produce profound changes in thinking, attention, perceptions and emotions.
The onset of hallucinations occurs within 60 minutes and can last from 6-12 hours. Changes in the perception that often occur with taking LSD include visual, touch, emotions and thought.
- lit, vivid colors
- blurred vision
- distorted shape of objects and faces
- halos of light.
- Rapid mood swings.
- time distortion; accelerate, stop, or stop
- Acceleration thoughts
- Terrifying thoughts
The danger of LSD is the unpredictability of the “journey”. mentality of the user, the environment, stress level, expectations, thoughts and mood at the time of taking the drug, strongly influences the effects of the drug. 5 Even experienced recreational users have experienced a bad trip.
A bad trip is like a living nightmare that mimics psychosis . A sense of terrifying fear, paranoia, separation of self, and a certainty that the individual is dying or hell are frequent subjects of a trip gone wrong.
On the next page you look at the widespread use of LSD and side effects and health risks of the drug.