The importance of breastfeeding ;
August 1-7 is World Breastfeeding Week.
Malnutrition kills one of every three babies in India. 66% of these deaths occur during the first year of life and often is caused by inadequate feeding practices. According to WHO, breastfeeding is absolutely crucial in the first six months and should continue up to two years, along with regular food. Unfortunately, everyone only one in three children is breast-fed during this period.
Breast milk contains nutrients that are vital for the baby during the first months. Research has shown that mothers need active support to establish and maintain appropriate breastfeeding practices.
need for promoting breastfeeding
UNICEF says that despite compelling evidence that breastfeeding exclusive prevents diarrhea and pneumonia, the overall rates of breastfeeding have remained relatively stagnant in the developing world, with a growth of 32% in 1995 to 39% in 2010. “If breastfeeding is promoted so more effective, we would see more children survive, with lower and lower rates of diseases of malnutrition and stunted growth rates, “UNICEF executive Director Anthony Lake said.
appropriate breastfeeding techniques could prevent millions of deaths each year. A recent Lancet study also highlighted the fact that children not breastfed are 14 times more likely to die in the first six months of exclusively breastfed children.
vital for cognitive and sensory development
Along with the nutritional values, experts are of the opinion that breast milk promotes sensory and cognitive development in children and builds the immunity of a baby. It also prevents infections and makes a baby less prone to chronic diseases
Good for the mother too!
Breastfeeding also contributes to the health of the mother -. Research has found a clear link between breastfeeding and ovarian cancer and the risk of breast cancer reduces
The Ministry of Health supports the Union who stand on the duration of breastfeeding maternal and says that children should be exclusively breastfed for the first six months and must not give everything, even water.
How breast milk is different from cow’s milk
Colostrum, human breast milk has a high content of protein and is also loaded with vitamin A and sodium (salt) chloride and contains lower carbohydrate, fat and potassium amounts. This is a good thing because the digestive system of a baby has not developed enough to digest regular milk. The antibodies in colostrum provide passive immunity, while growth factors stimulate gut development. They provide the first protection against pathogens.
need begin within the first hour after birth
In India, very few children are breastfed one hour after birth. Although statistics indicate 96% of children are breastfed only 29% of the urban population and 21% of the rural population are breast within the first hour.
Give milk of lactating cow can be harmful to the child. It is considered harmful to children below 1, due to the high fat content. This often leads to malnutrition. The whole milk also contains excessive amounts of protein, sodium and which can not be excreted by the kidneys chloride and immature can lead to renal solute overload and dehydration.
See also: What you should eat during lactation
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This article was originally published on thehealthsite, Read the original article here
Posted in: Breast, Breast milk, Breastfeeding, Breastfeeding India, Cancer, Colostrum, Immunity, IMR, Maternal health, Milk, pregnancy, Women's Health, World Breastfeeding Week, World Breastfeeding Week 2012