Chinese exercises can improve cardiovascular health ;
traditional Chinese exercises like Tai Chi can improve the health and wellbeing of people living with heart disease, high blood pressure or stroke, according new research published in Journal of the American heart Association .
“traditional Chinese exercises are low risk, with the promise of intervention that could be helpful in improving the quality of life in patients with cardiovascular disease, the leading cause of disability and death in the world, “said Liu Yu, Ph.D. Study co-author and dean of the School of Kinesiology, University of Shanghai sport in China. “However, the physical and psychological these patients of this increasingly popular form of exercise benefits must be determined based on scientific evidence.”
Pei-Jie Chen, Ph.D., lead author of the study and president of Shanghai University of Sport in China and his team reviewed 35 studies, including 2,249 participants from 10 countries.
they found, among participants with cardiovascular diseases Chinese exercises helped reduce systolic blood pressure (the top number) by more than 9.12 mm Hg and diastolic blood pressure (the bottom number) by more than 5 mmHg on average.
also they found small but statistically significant drops in levels of bad cholesterol (low density lipoprotein) and triglycerides. Chinese exercises also seemed to improve the quality of life and reduce depression in patients with cardiovascular disease. However, traditional Chinese exercises did not significantly improve heart rate, aerobic fitness level of the participants or scores on a general health questionnaire.
The review only looked at studies that randomized participants to groups that perform traditional Chinese exercises (more commonly Tai Chi, Chi Kung and Baduanjin), with participation in other exercise or make any change in the level activity.
note that although the review provides a good overview of the impact of traditional Chinese exercises in cardiovascular risk factors, several limitations: Inclusion criteria varied among studies; Participants were followed for one year or less; Chinese traditional exercises take many different forms and most of the results were assessed by the investigators who knew what group participants had been assigned to results potentially push.
Liu and his team have been studying the benefits of traditional Chinese exercises in a number of diseases for more than 5 years. They plan to conduct further randomized controlled trials to confirm the effect of different types of traditional Chinese exercises on chronic diseases.
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Posted in: Cardiology