Diarrhea is a disease in which the stool or becomes too soft or liquid usually it happens at least three times in 24 hours. In developing countries, diarrhea is the most common cause of infant mortality, and also kills more than 2.6 million people annually. Diarrhea is not a disease that comes by itself. Usually there is a trigger, below are some of the causes of diarrhea:
based on meta-analysis worldwide, all children have diarrhea at least once a year. Of the five patients each child who came because of diarrhea, one rotavirus. So the 60 children who were hospitalized for diarrhea one of them is also due to rotavirus.
Bacteria and parasites can also cause diarrhea. These organisms interfere with the absorption of food in the small intestine. The impact of food is not digested then go immediately into the large intestine. The food is not digested and not absorbed by the intestine, it will draw water from the intestinal wall.
Furthermore, in this situation the process of intestinal transit is very short so that water can not be absorbed by the colon. This is what causes watery diarrhea stools.Actually, large intestine not only secrete excess water but also electrolytes. Fluids and electrolytes lost through diarrhea can cause dehydration. This affects life with diarrhea dehydration suffering consequences.
In addition, due to rotavirus diarrhea can also occur as a result of malnutrition, allergies, lactose intolerance, and so on. Infants and young children, many of whom have lactose intolerance because the body has no or little lactose enzyme that works to digest the lactose in cow’s milk.
This does not happen with breastfed babies. The baby is not lactose intolerant because the enzymes contained in the lactose in breast milk. In addition, cleaning of breastmilk said, because drunk directly without drinking milk containers as the current formula with a bottle.
Diarrhea can be a side effect of many medications, especially antibiotics. In addition, artificial sweeteners ingredients sorbitol and mannitol are present in the chewing gum and sugar-free products other cause diarrhea. It occurs in children and young adults who have normal hormone levels and function, normal vitamin levels and has no obvious cause of bone fragility.
Parents play an important role in determining the causes of childhood diarrhea role. Babies and still in a period of exclusive breastfeeding rarely diarrhea usually not contaminated from outside small children. However, the formula and complementary foods may be contaminated with bacteria and viruses.
Symptoms of diarrhea are watery stools with a frequency of 4 x or more in a day, sometimes accompanied vomiting, lethargic or weak temperature, high body, lack of appetite, also blood and mucus in the stool. Nausea and vomiting may precede diarrhea caused by viral infections. Infection can suddenly cause diarrhea, vomiting, bloody stools, fever, loss of appetite or lethargy.
In addition, you may also experience stomach pain and abdominal cramps and other symptoms such as a mild fever flu such as muscle pain or spasms and headaches. Disruption of bacteria and parasites occasionally cause stool contains blood or high fever.
Diarrhea can lead to loss of fluids and electrolytes (eg sodium and potassium), so that the baby becomes abnormal heart or demanding pace or bleeding cerebral. Diarrhea is often accompanied by dehydration (lack of fluids). Only mild dehydration causes dry lips. moderate dehydration, causing wrinkling of the skin, eyes and sunken fontanelle (in children less than 18 months). Severe dehydration can be fatal, usually resulting in shock. Symptoms and causes of diarrhea , article source: http://www.gethealthiness.com/2013/11/synmptoms-and-causes-of-diarrhea.html
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