How is it diagnosed and treated cataract?

Oct 6, 2014 | | Say something

How is it diagnosed and treated cataract? ; cataract surgery

The eyes are very similar to the cameras. Captures the beauty and make memories. Like a camera lenses are essential and need special care, our eyes also have lenses that need our attention. Among many other eye defects falls is one. Cataract is an eye defect that occurs when there is an accumulation of proteins in the natural lens of the eye. In simpler terms, the cataract is clouding (the development of opaque areas) of the lens that affects vision. Mostly cataract is related to aging and is common among the elderly. This article Dr. Sreelakshmi Nimmagadda, Senior FACO and surgeon LASIK Eye Hospital Maxivision everything you need to know about cataract diagnosis and treatment says.

Cataract is considered the most common cause of vision loss among people over 40 years and is also the leading cause of blindness in the world. But it is not necessary that only people over 40 receive cataract. People in the early years of his life can also suffer from cataracts. In most cases, this type of cataract are small and do not affect a person’s vision, but eventually grow and interfere with one’s sight and may even cause blindness.

Because cataract is a progressive disease, it is always advisable to get routine checkups of sight each year as the diagnosis in the early stages of the disease helps in the treatment success. So to help identify the condition at an early stage, here are the most identifiable symptoms of the disease.

  • blurred or dim vision.
  • The colors appear faded or washed.
  • sensitivity to light, glare and halos around lights.
  • The poor night vision.
  • Double vision or multiple images in one eye. (This symptom may clear as the cataract gets larger)
  • Frequent changes of eyeglasses or contact lens prescriptions

If you do notice these symptoms it is best to visit a doctor who will test for the presence of cataracts is, here is what the diagnosis will involve:

  • Refraction or visual acuity test: This test uses a graph and is carried out to measure how well you can see and read the letters written in a number of different distances
  • eye ​​examination or dilated retinal exam: This test is performed to examine the back of the eye (retina). For this, the drops are placed in your eyes to dilate or dilate the pupils. An instrument called an ophthalmoscope or a slit lamp is used for any signs of cataracts.
  • Slit lamp examination: conducted to examine closely the eye cornea, iris, lens, and the space between the iris and cornea, this test helps the doctor to examine the eye in small sections, detailed and makes it easier to detect any abnormality.

Once diagnosed, your doctor will discuss treatment options you have, here you need to know about the treatment of cataracts:

cataract being a progressive deterioration can not be treated with medication. While in some cases it can be controlled with frequent changes in prescription contact lenses and glasses, but in some cases the cataract worsens and impaired vision begins to interfere with routine activities such as driving and reading. In most circumstances cataract surgery is needed to correct the condition.

With advanced technology and surgical techniques available today, the surgical treatment of cataract has become easier, faster, safer and more accurate. The surgery can be performed in the early or advanced stages of cataract development .

known as phacoemulsification (also known as surgery keyhole) surgery is performed using machine known as the phaco machine to remove the natural lens falls and replace it with a clear artificial lens called Intra ocular lens (IOL). Another method is called the MICS (micro incision cataract surgery ) A phaco machine is used to send a probe through an incision of 1.8 mm near the cornea and removes the cataract.

Another technologically advanced surgery is the use of the phaco machine in a procedure called refractive surgery with femtosecond laser cataract ‘(FLRCS). This technology uses a combination of phaco machine and laser machine. Being a bladeless surgery and hands-free, offering a high level of safety and accuracy.

While cataract is not life threatening, can cause an impedance in their daily lives, so it is best to visit your doctor as soon as you notice these symptoms.

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This article was originally published on thehealthsite, Read the original article here

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Posted in: Cataract, Cataract surgery, Diseases & Conditions

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