Childhood obesity – a growing concern in India

Apr 30, 2016 | | Say something

obesity

When 12-year-old Madhu (not her real name) it was diagnosed as obese – weighed 98 kg when their ideal weight was 55 kg – there was no obvious medical problems, except a faulty diet and lack of exercise. Following the advice and improving their diet, preteen Madurai, 160 cm or 5.2 feet, lost eight kg in four months. At the age of 15 years, he said of board exams, weight ballooned Madhu again- this time to 108 kg.

Guided by his doctor, exercised more, to learn how to deal with pressure better examination, has more hours of sleep and cut junk food . A year later, he weighs 79 kg, feels safer and is doing better in school. Obesity affects India affluent, as reported IndiaSpend, and transcends socioeconomic differences when it originates in childhood. Social and environmental factors are the driving forces behind childhood obesity in India, explained a study 2015.

Childhood obesity affects both developed and developing countries and there are “serious” consequences for future generations of India without corrective action, he said an Indian Council of Medical Research paper 2010. underestimated childhood obesity affects more urban upper classes. Stress has an adverse influence on childhood obesity, but it can be invested in a clinical setting with treatment. The key is to realize that children need help.

If your child is obese, then you can be sure it’s not your fault, said V. Kumaravel, consultant endocrinologist and director, Alpha Hospital and Research Centre, Madurai.

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Some indications of childhood obesity in India come from program preventing childhood obesity Kumaravel, which traces factors influencing childhood obesity in the neighborhood around the hospital. The study, conducted in 2012 for a period of six months to 18,001 students from five to 18 years from 27 schools, found 9.5 percent overweight and obese three percent.

Compared with males, the proportion of obese girls was lower in the groups younger age (under 12 years), but when older (over 12 years) were more girls were obese children their age, a global pattern.

Another finding is childhood obesity in India is underestimated, regardless of tables local or global growth, according to a 2014 document on the basis of research Kumaravel. Childhood obesity is higher among urban, rural and upper middle classes and classes that low socioeconomic said another 2014 document by Kumaravel and colleagues.

Other findings:

* Environment, non socioeconomic conditions, fuel childhood obesity.

* Schools that serve unhealthy snacks were more obese students.

* There is a correlation between lack of playgrounds and obese students.

* Obesity peaked in children with fewer friends, more anxiety.

* Teachers need to be aware of childhood obesity.

The small and flabby Indian, and the thrifty phenotype hypothesis

can be blamed on the willingness of India to be smaller and more flaccid than many other races in a story of poverty and deprivation, possibly experiences now encoded in our genes, which make the body prone to fat horde. Indians generally are predisposed to obesity, cardiovascular disease and diabetes due to less genetically constructed, a condition called thrifty phenotype ‘said Sriram Mahadevan, an endocrinologist and researcher, Medical Foundation Sundaram and Sri Ramachandra Medical College, Chennai .

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Therefore, it is best to control diet and exercise early. Monitoring should begin in early adolescence, preferably between 12 and 15 years, Mahadevan said. Factors such as puberty should be considered, “he said. Children have a rapid start up at this age. This natural growth can correct many problems related to childhood obesity without medical intervention.”

Knowledge it is important because India has a shortage of data on the prevalence and consequences of childhood obesity, with the exception of select regional studies such as Kumaravel of.

In Chennai, private schools tended to be more obese children than schools run by the government, according to a 2014 study by the Foundation for Diabetes Research Centre and Madras Diabetes Specialties Dr. Mohan.

However, there is an increasing incidence in rural and urban areas, “Mahadevan said In fact, there is a correlation between increased body mass index (BMI) -. A marker for obesity – and hypertension in children, and a 2010 paper by the Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Kerala, found the government schools, girls and rural areas as vulnerable.

the spread of obesity also indicates that genetic it is only a factor. How stress of bad parenting or broken homes can affect growth. in addition to the escalating costs of treatment for medical problems that can last a lifetime, moderately and children with severe obesity have a number psychological and emotional problems to treat.

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This information was confirmed by private Kumaravel studies that found a correlation not only between obesity and psychological problems but growth. Poor parenting, a broken home, increased stress during the critical years of growth before puberty, all these factors affect a child’s potential to achieve his / her natural height “Kumaravel said.

While the height and weight of students surveyed recorded, Kumaravel and his colleagues noted that growth retardation in children often goes unnoticed. they found children who fought anxiety at an early age does not always grow to their full potential. this is often overlooked due to growth problems is not a life-threatening condition that requires immediate intervention in an independent investigation. – unpublished – Kumaravel and colleagues measured 22,580 children from 48 schools in Madurai (including Dindugal and Vadamadurai) and its surroundings in 2015 and found that five percent (448) had growth retardation, short stature for his age

.

Although only 118 followed during treatment in a clinical setting, it was found that 58 of they had family problems “Kumaravel said. Or they came from broken homes or were dealing with stepmothers, drunken parents and other complaints. Of these, eight children had growth hormone deficiency, a condition that could be corrected with medication, which can cost a family up to Rs. 200,000 per month – 87 out of 118 children free treated as part of this pilot project regained some growth

Source: IANS

Image Source: Shutterstock


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Posted in: Childhood obesity, Diseases & Conditions, Fitness, Unhealthy eating

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