Prevention of mumps in adults

May 16, 2016 | | Say something

Prevention of mumps in adults ;

mumps in adults Mumps is not something that children born today have to worry because the available vaccines.

mumps in adults, however, remains a relevant concern because older people are less likely to have been vaccinated and can still get the disease.

In addition, the mumps vaccine was in use from 1948 to 1978 was not as effective as it is currently in use, and immunity from the previous version may have decreased.

Because mumps is not as common today as it was before, symptoms are not always easily recognizable by the average person. It inquiring about the signs of mumps in adults is an important part of preventing full-blown cases and protect yourself and others.

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What is mumps?

Mumps is a viral infection that attacks the salivary glands, particularly the parotid glands located around your ears. Transmission can occur through saliva and nasal, such as droplets expelled by coughing or sneezing secretions and close physical contact. The focus of the salivary glands is also responsible for the firm swelling disease is known for.

mumps symptoms

Symptoms of mumps in adults

Symptoms of mumps in adults are virtually the same as those of children. As mentioned above, the signature symptom is inflammation, sometimes painful, salivary gland around the ears. Inflammation can be anywhere face glands or both at once. In general, the following symptoms may occur:

  • Fever (up to 103 degrees Fahrenheit)
  • Headache
  • Muscular pain
  • Weakness and fatigue (malaise)
  • Loss of appetite
  • Pain when chewing or swallowing
  • swollen glands in the neck
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It takes about two to three weeks after infection for symptoms to start showing themselves. It, AOS is also possible to be infected and have no symptoms, which is known for being an asymptomatic carrier.

Mumps can also lead to inflammatory reactions and swelling throughout the body. Although these are not as common as the above symptoms, the following complications can occur:

mumps in adult males can cause painful swelling of the testicles. Although unpleasant, this usually does not cause infertility in the long term.

  • ovarian and swelling breast:

  • In the post-pubescent women, can occur

inflammation of the ovaries and breasts. As with orchitis, this can be painful but usually not affect fertility.

If the virus spreads, the result can be inflammation of the brain. This leads to neurological problems and is potentially fatal.

viral meningitis may occur if the mumps virus spreads through the bloodstream to the spinal cord.

This is an inflammation of the pancreas. This can cause nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain.

Although it is rare (about five in 10,000 infections), mumps can damage the inner ear enough to cause permanent loss of hearing in one or both ears.

The connection is not definitive, but there is a suspicion that mumps can increase the risk of miscarrying woman, AOS, especially if infected in the first quarter.

mumps treatment

Treatment Mumps

Mumps is caused by a virus, so antibiotics won, AOT do nothing to treat it. There are also no specific antiviral for mumps. Since the duration of mumps in adults is about 10 days, treatment usually focuses on alleviating symptoms until the disease goes, keeping an eye out for the complications listed above. This usually means using several counter remedies over and home for symptoms of mumps.

  • Get regular rest, especially when you feel weak or tired.
  • Ice packs can be used to relieve inflammation and glandular can be applied to inflammation of the testicles.
  • It, AOS important to drink plenty of fluids to help control fever.
  • Some foods, especially acids, can aggravate the pain of the salivary glands. Avoid acidic foods, citrus and similar items.
  • Because chewing can be painful due to inflammation of the salivary glands, which helps to use a diet of soft foods such as soup, applesauce, yogurt, etc.
  • Over-the-counter pain relievers such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen can also help.
  • If possible, avoid people who have not been vaccinated against mumps, pregnant women and people with a compromised immune system.

must also notify anyone who had close contact immediately before symptoms began to appear. Mumps is at its most contagious two days before symptoms appear to about five days later. The usual rule of thumb is that a person with mumps should be considered contagious for a full week after the initial diagnosis, even if symptoms have not disappeared completely.

Mumps Prevention

The (mumps, measles and rubella) MMR vaccine is extremely safe and effective and is the primary means to prevent infection of mumps. The MMR vaccine is recommended for any adult who does not show one of the following contraindications:

  • An allergy to neomycin or any other component of the vaccine;
  • disease at the time of the vaccine is to be administered;
  • Pregnancy (also, avoid pregnancy for one month after vaccination);
  • An impaired immune system due to a medical condition or a side effect of medication;
  • Cancer;
  • undergoing chemotherapy or radiotherapy;
  • A history of low platelet count in the blood (disorder);
  • Another vaccine is given within the last four weeks; and
  • A recent blood transfusion.

These reasons are not automatically excluded from receiving the vaccine, but are signs that you and your doctor should discuss whether you should either wait before getting vaccinated or refrain from vaccination ( 1 ).

When you should see your doctor

when to see a doc for mumps

Although inflammation of the salivary glands is distinctive, it, AOS is always best to get a diagnosis right from your doctor if you think you have mumps. You should also consult your doctor if signs of complications (testicular swelling, abdominal pain, confusion, etc.) have an immune deficiency, or are pregnant.

Although mumps in adults is not inherently more risky, as it is with, say, chicken pox, the disease remains one to keep an eye on and to be vaccinated if possible.

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This article was originally published on doctorshealthpress, Read the original article here

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