Why is an important mineral Zinc – Benefits, Sources and functions

Jan 14, 2017 | | Say something

Zinc is an essential mineral for all body cells. It is in the skin, muscles, bones, liver, kidneys, pancreas, eyes and, in men, the prostate gland. The body can not create reserves of zinc, and should be entered regularly through food or supplements.
Foods rich in Zinc

Functions of zinc

Zinc plays an important role in growth and development, immune system function, nervous system and the reproduction. It is necessary for the activity of approximately 100 different enzymes and affects production of various hormones.

Through its role in the proper functioning of the immune system protects us from colds, flu and other infections. Zinc supplements can help the body in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, lupus and chronic fatigue syndrome.

is used in the treatment of infertility, it maintains prostate health in people with diabetes improves insulin levels, helps with decreased activity of the thyroid gland, accelerates wound healing skin irritations and therefore is used to treat acne, eczema, psoriasis and burns. In elderly slows the loss of vision caused by the degeneration of yellow spots.

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The recommended daily dose of zinc

Age milligrams per day
newborns 0-6 months 2
newborns 7-12 months 3
children 1-3 years 3
children 4-8 years 5
children 9-13 years 8
teenagers 14-18 years 9
adults 19 years greater 8
pregnant 19 years and younger 12
pregnant 19 years and older 11
breastfeeding mothers 19 years and younger 13
breastfeeding mothers 19 years and older 12

zinc deficiency

the lack of zinc in the body can lead to delays in the development of children, sexual delayed maturation, diarrhea, decreased appetite, skin rashes, slow healing wounds, decreased sense of taste and smell (loss of sense of smell may be irreversible and has been observed in people taking zinc intranasally – through aerosol), increased risk of diabetes, renal osteodystrophy due to a weakened immune system, loss of hair, dry and rough skin, appearance of white lesions on the nails and broken fingernails, and mental health problems.

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People with a higher risk of zinc deficiency:

– Children

– Pregnant women and nursing mothers (especially teenagers)

– Elderly

– vegans

– people with poor nutrition

– people with poor absorption of nutrients due to problems with the digestive system

– the people suffering from prolonged diarrhea

– Alcoholics (especially those with a diseased liver)

– people with sickle cell disease

-. Patients with intravenous nutrition

zinc overdose

Taking zinc more than 100 mg a day, can weaken the immune system and reduce the level of HDL ( “good” cholesterol), and even doses higher (more than 200 mg a day) can lead to nervous system disorders.

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Natural sources of zinc

Natural sources of zinc include red meat (beef, pork, chicken, turkey), liver, seafood (especially oysters), and eggs. Other foods that also contain zinc include nuts, wheat germ, whole grains, legumes, but the zinc from these foods is more difficult to absorb zinc from animal foods.

zinc in combination with other drugs

Taking supplements of zinc with certain antibiotics, tetracyclines and specifically quinoline, can delay absorption and reduce the effectiveness of these antibiotics. Therefore, we recommend taking zinc supplements for at least two hours after taking antibiotics.

Precautions

Take zinc above 30 mg per day dose for a long time can interfere with the absorption of copper and lead to anemia.

This article was originally published on forhealthbenefits.com, Read the original article here

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Posted in: Health A-Z, minerals, Vitamins, Vitamins and Minerals, zinc

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