directly are less likely to develop ear infections than babies who are fed milk pumped from a bottle. Breast milk also reduces the risk of diarrhea compared with formula, according to a recent study by researchers at the Research Institute of the National Children’s Hospital.
Breastfeeding reduces the risk of ear infection and diarrhea in infants
“We certainly do not want women to stop pumping because no data or guidelines about whether expressed breastmilk is a substitute equivalent to feed the right chest, so that more research needs to be done,” said Sarah Keim, PhD, senior author of the study and principal investigator at the Center for Bio-behavioral Health Research Institute at Nationwide Children.
“Infants who were exclusively breastfed for the first six months had almost 30 percent reduced risk of diarrhea. “
A total of 491 mothers completed surveys as part of the study, published last week in the Journal of Pediatrics week. Mothers who declared their intention to exclusively bottle feeding were not included in the study. In the remaining studies, three out of four women use a combination of breast feeding, pumping milk and formula in the first 12 months of life of their children.
After taking into account factors related demographic and other researchers found that one month of breastfeeding was associated with a reduction of 4 percent in the odds of ear infection, and found a reduction of 17 percent the odds for breastfed six months of infancy infants. Among infants who were fed only breast milk, either in the chest and / or breast milk from a bottle is pumped during the first six months, the chances of getting an ear infection increased by about 14 percent infants fed expressed milk for 1 month and 115 percent for those fed expressed milk for infants 6 months.
“While it is not entirely clear why ear infections may be related to bottle feeding, could be because the bottles can create a negative pressure during feeding. This negative pressure is then transferred from the bottle to the middle ear the child during feeding, which can trigger ear infections, “said Dr. Keim.
Babies breastfed by either mode six months were about 30 percent lower risk of diarrhea. risk of diarrhea was reduced by 25 percent of infants fed breast any six-month milk, and 26 percent for those breast-fed for 6 months infants, while babies fed formula for 6 months had higher risk of diarrhea by 34%.
According to the researchers, this finding suggests that the substance feed, rather than the power mode, can be the basis of differences in the risk of diarrhea.
“This research begins to identify unique and separate associations Fed substance and mode of delivery of breast milk, and demonstrates the importance of exploring these distinctive exhibitions in the investigation of infant feeding,” said Kelly McNamara Boone , a co-author of the study.
In addition to identifying the various contributions of both the fed substance and mode of delivery of breast milk for child health, the study showed large socioeconomic differences in eating patterns. Mothers who breastfed her baby were of higher socioeconomic status that fed baby formula only. Women who only used bottles (containing breast milk and / or formula) to feed their babies were of lower socioeconomic status than those who fed their babies in the chest.
“This finding is consistent with previous research showing a positive association between socioeconomic status and lactation. The initiation and duration of breastfeeding can be explained by the health care and information resources available to and accessed by mothers higher socioeconomic status, “said Dr. Keim.
This article was originally published on medindia.net
Posted in: health news