moves to a new home during childhood increases the likelihood of multiple adverse later in life results shows a large study, long-term Danish children followed into adulthood.
Residential Mobility often can be hazardous to your health
This unique study of residential mobility of 1.4 million people caterpillars of his 15th birthday until their forties appears in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine . data on all persons born in Denmark were collected from 1971 to 1997 documenting every move of residential children from birth to age 14.
‘residential children’s mobility is associated with multiple adverse long-term outcomes such as frequent residential mobility could be a marker of family psychosocial difficulties. “
Each movement was associated with the age of the child so that the impact of early-in-life movements could be contrasted with movements during the early teens. With a number of integral available to national records, the research team was able to measure and correlate subsequent negative events in adulthood, including suicide attempts, violent crime, mental illness, substance abuse, and natural deaths and unnatural.
“Because of its registration only complete and accurate of all residential changes in the population, Denmark is the only country in which it is currently possible to carry out such a comprehensive national survey of residential mobility of children and the risk of adverse outcomes in later life, “said lead researcher Roger T. Webb, PhD, Center for Mental Health and Security, University of Manchester (UK).
The risk of adverse outcomes due to residential mobility in childhood are classified into three categories: self-directed and interpersonal violence (attempted suicide, violent crime), mental illness and substance abuse (all psychiatric diagnoses, substance abuse ) and the (natural and unnatural deaths) premature mortality.
Thirty-seven percent of the people studied moved through a municipality at least once before reaching his 15 birthday with multiple relocations that occurs most often during childhood. Through all adverse outcomes studied, the highest risks were among the individuals who traveled frequently during early adolescence.
Statistical analysis was particularly robust. relations “dose-response” were evident outcome for each category and each additional movement was associated with an increased risk incremental. For example, analysis of the data showed that the risk increases with multiple movements at any age compared with a single movement, and an even greater increase risk of violent crime was observed with multiple relocations within the same year. The risk of suicide attempts increased steadily with increasing age at the time of transfer, and rose significantly if multiple annual relocations occur during early adolescence (12-14 years old).
Socioeconomic status (SES) of the families was determined examined: income (annual quintiles), highest educational level achievement (grade school, high school / vocational training, higher education) and employment status (employed, unemployed labor out of other reasons). Lower SES was assigned when both parents scored low on at least one of the three areas. SES higher than requires both parents to be employed and a high score in income or education. Middle SES includes all other combinations.
It is interesting that the initial hypothesis that adverse outcomes may be more common in households with lower SES was not confirmed by this study, which markedly elevated risk due to residential movements during the early / mid-teens applies to all levels SES.
According to Dr. Webb, “child residential mobility is associated with multiple adverse long-term outcomes. Despite frequent residential mobility could be a marker of family psychosocial difficulties, high risks across the socioeconomic spectrum were observed, and mobility may be inherently harmful. social and health services schools, and other public bodies should be aware of the psychological needs of adolescents relocated, including tributaries and needy families “.
This article was originally published on medindia.net
Posted in: health news