E-cigarette poisonings occur in young children, study finds ;
electronic cigarettes have sickened a growing number of young children, a study of calls to US poison center it found. Most cases involve ingestion of liquid nicotine.
Although most children are not seriously injured, one dead and several child had serious complications including coma and convulsions.
“This is an epidemic by any definition,” said lead author Dr. Gary Smith, director of the Center for Injury Research and Policy at Nationwide Children’s Hospital in Columbus, Ohio.
Researchers say the findings highlight the need for a better understanding of parents about the importance of keeping the devices out of sight and reach of small children. They also recommend stricter regulation and applauded the long-awaited restrictions Food and Drug Administration He issued last Thursday.
The study examined the poison center calls on nicotine exposure and snuff products among children under 6 years from January 2012 to April 2015. The findings most worrying involved e-cigarette battery-Powered devices that convert nicotine into an inhalable steam. Some feature colorful packaging and flavored nicotine that can attract young children .
The results were published Monday in the journal Pediatrics .
Monthly swallowing called on young children ‘, inhale or touch the e-cigarettes increased from 14 to 223 from the beginning by the end of the study. Calls amounted to 4,128 during the study. Most of the children were 2 years old or younger.
The cases represent 14 percent of the nearly 30,000 calls about the exposure of children to nicotine and snuff products during that time.
liquid nicotine in e-cigarettes can harm small children if ingested or absorbed through the skin. Vomiting a quickened heartbeat and nervous behavior are some of the symptoms. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends call poison control centers if exposure is suspected.
Most electronic cigarettes exposures were managed at home. Among those who received medical care, less than 3 percent were hospitalized. About 2 percent, or 77 children, had serious complications including seizures, coma or respiratory problems.
Most children affected had symptoms lasting two hours or less.
Dr. Joan Shook, responsible for safety at Texas Children’s Hospital in Houston and director of the American Academy of Pediatrics committee emergency medicine ‘, called the poisonings a “big public health problem.”
“Many emergency physicians I go, ‘What the heck, this is really a problem, why are not doing anything about it?'” He said.
“When using these products, you need to treat them as drugs or toxins and keep them closed, locked and out of reach of children,” Shook, who was not involved in the study.
Gregory Conley, president of the American Association of Vaping, said the latest data from the American Association of Poison Control Centers indicate that exposure to liquid nicotine may be in decline. However, the latest figures do not indicate whether the reduction includes small children. He said most of the liquid products vaping use childproof packaging.
Standards FDA issued last week require federal review of the devices and their ingredients, imposing similar restrictions affecting traditional cigarettes. The agency intends to issue rules to require warnings exposure to nicotine and childproof containers. That action would complement the Law on Prevention of Child Nicotine poisoning, which comes into force this summer and packaging containers require liquid nicotine childproof.
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