Global Study Finds neighborhood design helps them best foot forward for health post

Apr 2, 2016 | | Say something

Global Study Finds neighborhood design helps them best foot forward for health post ;

More walkable neighborhoods, parks and public transport could reduce all chances of becoming in one of the 600 million adults worldwide fight obesity, according to researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine. The study, recently published online The Lancet , which is the design of a neighborhood plays a critical role in physical activity and may help reduce non-communicable diseases such as obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular diseases.

Physical activity and the environment International Network Adult Study (IPEN) environment took place in 14 cities around the world. About 7,000 adults between 18 and 65 years participated by using a monitoring system accelerometer to objectively record the physical activity of moderate to vigorous for about a week.

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The researchers found that people living in the densely populated and pedestrian neighborhoods with streets interconnected to shops, services, restaurants, public transport and parks up to 90 minutes of physical activity per week – approximately 60 percent of the 150 minutes recommended.

“We have studied the neighborhoods that vary in socioeconomic status and culture. The built more environmental features of activity-support were residents became more physical activity. For example, access traffic is a requirement for a style of life that is less dependent on the automobile and more active, increasing walking to and from the installation of public transportation, “said James Sallis, PhD, principal investigator of the study and distinguished professor in the Department of Family Medicine and public Health the University of California San Diego School of Medicine.

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Four environmental attributes were highlighted as having the greatest impact on physical activity :. Net residential density, density of intersection (connected streets), the number of parks and public transit density

The impact of design neighborhood health has been studied nationally for years, but Sallis and his team are the first to investigate the worldwide connection with objective measures. Among the cities where the research was conducted were Seattle, Washington; Baltimore, Maryland; Bogota Colombia; Cuernavaca, Mexico; Wellington, New Zealand; Ghent, Belgium; and Hong Kong, China.

Sallis said the findings suggest that environmental principles that support physical activity apply internationally, and a comprehensive and collaborative design approach is needed neighborhoods.

“The implication is that if we do something important about the epidemic of physical inactivity, then we need to look outside the field of health to achieve that,” Sallis said. “A variety of actors and decision makers, such as urban planners, elected officials and transportation officials and park, have to unite in an effort to think about the best way to use resources to increase the activity, which could also have benefits environmental and economic. “

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he said next steps include working with other countries to conduct their own studies that will help make changes in the way residential areas are built, especially in low-income neighborhoods.

“We hope this study will be used as an educational tool to make a healthier world one neighborhood at a time,” says Sallis.

This article was originally published on medicalxpress, Read the original article

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