Malnutrition become ‘new normal’ amid rise in obesity: study ;
malnutrition is becoming the “new normal” as rising rates of obesity worldwide coincide with the persistent malnutrition in many poor countries, according to a major study released Tuesday.
The Global Report on Nutrition says the number of people who are obese or overweight is increasing almost everywhere, fueling an increase in diabetes and other diseases.
Malnutrition covers a number of problems of deficiencies in important vitamins and minerals to undernourished to excessive levels of sugar, salt, fat or cholesterol in the blood by obesity people.
At least 57 of the 129 countries studied were experiencing serious levels of malnutrition and obesity in adults, putting enormous pressure on health services, according to the study.
“Now we live in a world where being malnourished is the new normal,” said Lawrence Haddad, a researcher at the International Food Policy Research Institute and co-author of the report Policies.
“It is a world in which everyone must claim as totally unacceptable.”
The study found there has been some progress, with the number of retarded children under five in decline in every continent except Africa and Oceania.
Stunted children become weaker than well-nourished counterparts, with their brains and compromised immune systems.
However, the report’s authors said there had been little progress in the fight against all forms of malnutrition .
Almost all the countries studied was falling behind in reducing levels of diabetes and anemia in women, for example.
One in 12 people worldwide now have diabetes and nearly two billion people are obese or overweight, according to the authors, who called for more funds for government initiatives in nutrition.
Their analysis found a deficit of overall funding of $ 70 million to meet the 2025 milestones to address stunting, severe acute malnutrition and anemia.
The report highlights the cost of malnutrition, which he said was “the number one driver of the global burden of disease”.
Africa and Asia will lose 11 percent of gross domestic product every year due to malnutrition, she said.
Haddad said the key to success was the political commitment.
“When leaders in government, civil society, academia and businesses are committed and willing to be accountable, anything is possible,” he said.
“Despite the challenges, malnutrition is not inevitable, ultimately, it is a political choice.”
The Global Nutrition Report is an annual assessment of countries’ progress in meeting the goals set by global nutrition health policy top of the World Health Assembly-of the world body in 2013.
This includes a reduction of 40 percent in the number of children under five with stunted growth; a reduction of anemia in women of reproductive age in 50 percent; and a halt in the increase in the number of adults overweight, obese or suffer from type two diabetes.
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