Anemia during pregnancy – causes, symptoms, treatment, prevention ;
India is one of the countries with high prevalence of anemia in the world. Not only the lower socioeconomic strata is also prevalent in quite polite than middle class people caused due to diet and lifestyle practices of defective life.
According to WHO statistics almost 58 percent of women in India are anemic and it is estimated that anemia is the underlying cause of 20 to 40 percent of maternal deaths in India. India also contributes to about 80 percent of maternal anemia due to South Asia in deaths.
The statistics are enough to scare you into thinking that when it comes to anemia during pregnancy prevention is better than cure. “As a good practice should get a blood test to check the status while planning pregnancy. This would make it easier to handle and treat the problem of anemia during pregnancy, says Dr. Richa Jagtap, clinical director and consultant reproductive medicine, Nova IVI Fertility Center, Mumbai. Learn more about the consequences of anemia.
Read more about the causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of anemia .
women likely to suffer from anemia during pregnancy are?
“There is a physiological decline in hemoglobin levels during the first three months of pregnancy Moreover, given the demands of a growing fetus with time all the necessary nutrition of the mother be developed;. this leaves pregnant without adequate levels of nutrition women to last a period of pregnancy and lactation can lead to serious consequences, “says Dr. Jagtap. In the case of anemia before pregnancy, it intensified and has more serious repercussions.
Girls who face pregnancy during adolescence more likely to develop this condition stands. “For women, when the difference between two pregnancies is less than three years may not have adequate iron shop duration of the pregnancy demanding period and may suffer from anemia,” says Dr. Jagtap.
There are several types of anemia that one can suffer during pregnancy
Iron deficiency anemia: This is the most common of all conditions and that occurs when the body does not have enough iron to produce adequate amounts of hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is a protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen from the lungs to the body.
The folate deficiency anemia His doctor gave him pills and folic acid had a purpose to serve. Folate is necessary for the body to produce new cells during pregnancy, including healthy red blood cells. A lack of oxygen supply normal red blood cells throughout the body and retarded mental supposed to be a gift for the growing baby. Knowing why Folic acid is important during pregnancy.
deficiency anemia Vitamin B12: This vitamin is essential for the body to assist in the formation of healthy red blood cells. Vitamin B12 deficiency is common in women who abstain from dairy, poultry and meat products.
What are the signs and symptoms of anemia during pregnancy?
is not prudent to seek only the physiological to diagnose anemia during pregnancy signals because only a blood test that reveals the hemoglobin can give you a status precise about your health. Moreover the symptoms that may suggest that suffer from anemia will overlap with symptoms of pregnancy in general. But beware of these following signs and symptoms that suggest a drop in hemoglobin levels.
“If I had experienced pregnancy pre symptoms of anemia suffer from an exaggeration of symptoms during pregnancy , “says Dr. Jagtap.
What causes anemia during pregnancy?
Some of the most common reasons that can lead to anemia during pregnancy are listed below:
How anemia affects pregnancy?
Severe anemia during pregnancy impairs oxygen supply to the fetus and interferes with the intrauterine normal growth, resulting in intrauterine growth retardation, stillbirth, low birthweight birth and neonatal mortality. Therefore timely correction of anemia is important. “The newborn of an anemic mother may be born premature which leads to a lot of health problems such as low birth weight, decreased fitness, anemia, disability feeding” reports Dr. Jagtap. Postpartum also possibilities are that the baby born to a mother suffering from severe anemia may suffer from stunted growth which in turn has long-term effects on metabolic and cognitive functions. Anemia predisposes to low birth weight baby, premature delivery and can also lead to post-partum hemorrhage and lack of lactate.
How can control anemia during pregnancy?
Anemia can be diagnosed well before pregnancy is contemplated and effectively corrected before conception. However, if diagnosed during pregnancy, good prenatal care is mandatory.
Iron requirements are higher for pregnant women -1.9 mg / 1000 kcal of food energy in the second quarter and 2.7 mg / 1,000 Kcal in third trimester. These should be well adjusted in your diet plan.
“Women need 100 mg of elemental iron and 500 mcg of folic acid a day for 100 days during pregnancy. Followed by the same dose for 100 days in the post-partum period is the recommendation of the WHO initiative of anemia, “reports Dr. Jagtap.
To effectively maintain control anemia a tab on their hemoglobin levels
the hemoglobin should be tested monthly and if no improvement same therapy should be continued. If there is no improvement, treatment should proceed to the next stage, with the help of a hematologist.
If the woman is in the last months of pregnancy, and not much time to make improvement with oral medication, transfusion of packed cells is recommended according to reports.
To effectively control anemia during pregnancy your doctor will give you medicine iron from the beginning to build on reservations, it makes sense to take those pills regularly.
What changes are suggested in the diet to help control anemia during pregnancy?
Although anemia can be controlled only through proper medications, but some changes in the diet can also increase your iron intake. expectant mothers are advised to increase the intake of
non-vegetarians are suggested
“Other than that pregnant women should avoid excessive consumption of tea and coffee and go deworming also to control anemia effectively,” says Dr. Jagtap .
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