How can physical therapy help during pregnancy and after ;
pregnancy and childbirth launch the daily routine of a woman out for a jog. During and after pregnancy is the time when your body undergoes a series of hormonal and physical changes. mundane tasks such as sitting, standing, walking, and Working becoming a challenge. Research suggests that almost all pregnant women experience musculoskeletal discomfort, but about 25% are temporarily disabled because of it. All these occur due to the incredible changes taking place in the body during a normal pregnancy.
discomforts of pregnancy has been accepted as a normal part of pregnancy for years. But just because you are pregnant does not necessarily mean that you have to accept problems like back pain and pelvic waist and pain as unmanageable. Doctors today have realized that physiotherapy is the key to improving the health of women during pregnancy. The main goal of physical therapy is to reduce discomfort, to prepare the body for delivery and acceleration recovery after childbirth.
Physical therapy during pregnancy
The basic goal of physical therapy during pregnancy is to help the body to combat problems related to mobility, muscles, circulation and respiration. Before starting a program of effective prenatal (before birth), a thorough evaluation is made to recognize that exercises would be best suited to the needs of women. These exercises are aimed at strengthening muscles , decreased joint pain, correcting muscle imbalances, and increased the total range of body movement. Therapists can also advise you about the right to sleep as normal sleep routine may be disrupted during pregnancy positions.
This is how physiotherapy deals with some common complaints that women experience during pregnancy.
Low back pain : Almost all pregnant women experience low back pain, although it tends to be severe after to start the third quarter due to changes in center of gravity of women due to increased stomach size. Back pain is treated with manual and passive physiotherapy, back support postural education, and some Pilates exercises. home exercises also are taught that women are encouraged to follow at home.
Pain in the sacroiliac joints : The sacroiliac joints are present in the lower region of the lower back. This pain is usually concentrated in the buttock region. During pregnancy, due to the excessive release of hormones, the body’s connective tissues tend to relax so that the muscles can stretch to help delivery . This can cause the muscles and ligaments to sacroiliac become excessively mobile, causing extreme movements of the joint. Because of this, women may experience difficulty lifting the leg, swollen joints, pain in the hips, and difficulty standing and sitting. Strengthening exercises are provided by the physical therapist to stabilize joints and practice in therapy administered to reduce pain by realigning the pelvis.
urinary incontinence (due to the weakness of the pelvic floor): Progesterone, which is known as the pregnancy hormone, relaxes pelvic floor muscles in order that they be flexible and ready for delivery. Therefore, these muscles can weaken and stress during pregnancy and childbirth, leading to urinary incontinence (inability to restrain or hold urine) and pelvic floor dysfunction. Physical therapists will teach strengthening exercises to strengthen pelvic floor muscles. They can also provide an exercise program based Pilates to help reduce muscle weakness that can occur after childbirth.
sciatica Sciatica is a problem that a lot of pregnant women experience. the continuing pressure or pressure on the sciatic nerve can lead to back pain and weakness, numbness and tingling in the leg or associated areas. Physical therapy uses stretching exercises and manual therapy to relieve these symptoms.
carpal tunnel syndrome This condition is caused due to accumulation of excess fluid resulting in inflammation in the carpal tunnel wrist. You may experience symptoms such as pain, numbness, tingling and loss of coordination of the hands and fingers. Physiotherapy techniques such as mobilization, strengthening exercises, stretching and soft tissue techniques help reduce these symptoms. In severe cases, a wrist brace may be provided to put in during specific activities to minimize swelling.
physiotherapy after pregnancy
Physical therapy does not stop once your baby is born. It is a very important part of postnatal care also. gentle physiotherapy exercises should begin two days after the birth. However, this should only be done after consultation with your doctor. Most hospitals have physical therapists who offer their services before you are discharged. During the first six weeks after birth, your body is still in the recovery phase and walking is the best exercise for you. Start with short walks, and then slowly increase the time, distance and speed of your walks, according to your convenience. Swimming is another good exercise, but you can only start with this after you have recovered properly. If you experience pain and discomfort, stop the activity immediately and consult your doctor. After six weeks, with the approval of your doctor, you can start with sports and exercise classes.
Women also experience some post-natal complications. This is how physiotherapy helps to recover from them.
back pain : Physiotherapy techniques such mobilization, stretching, strengthening, soft tissue techniques, and hydrotherapy are very beneficial in reviving the back pain after childbirth. Some Pilates exercises are also useful.
weakness of the pelvic floor muscles Immediately after birth, the pelvic floor muscles weaken. These muscles may be reinforced by an exercise program based on Pilates and other specific exercises to strengthen pelvic floor muscles, the physical therapist will teach.
The sacroiliac joint pain: This pain can continue after pregnancy too. Strengthening exercises and hydrotherapy can help restore normal muscle tone.
The disorder or abdominal separation : In general, this condition occurs in women who have had multiple pregnancies. A physical therapist will provide strengthening exercises to strengthen the abdominal muscles.
The body of a woman undergoes incredible stress during pregnancy, physiotherapy and is something that can make the whole process much easier. Its aim not only recovery, but increases the body’s ability to have a smooth and easy delivery. Physical therapy makes the experience a positive and cheerful pregnancy, as it should be.
Read more about the causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of sciatica .
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