China, India face enormous burden of mental health: study

May 18, 2016 | | Say something

China, India face enormous burden of mental health: study ;

China and India are home to more than a third of people with mental illness, but only a small fraction of them receive medical aid, according to studies released Wednesday.

There are more people in the two most populous nations of the world who face mental, neurological and substance use in all high-income countries combined, research he found.

This burden will be much heavier in the coming decades, especially in India, where it is expected to increase by one quarter in 2025.

China, meanwhile, will struggle with the rapid increase of dementia in the aging population, a byproduct of policies strict birth control launched over 35 years ago.

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None of the countries is adequately equipped to cope with their mental health needs, as the trio of reports published in the medical journal The Lancet and The Lancet psychiatry for the launch of china and India Alliance of Mental Health.

In China, only six percent of people facing common mental illnesses such as depression or anxiety disorders, or substance abuse and dementia, even for a doctor, researchers found .

“Lack of mental health staff in rural areas” is especially acute, said Michael Phillips, one of the principal and professor at Emory University in Atlanta authors and the Shanghai Jiao Tong University.

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More than half of people with full-blown psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia are not diagnosed, much less cared for, said in a statement.

In India, the percentage of the population with mental health problems unattended is equally small.

By contrast, treatment rates in rich countries is 70 percent or more.

The gap between developed countries and emerging giants such is equally acute when it comes to money spent.

Less than one percent of national health budgets in China and India is assigned to mental health care .

In the United States this figure is almost six percent, while in Germany and France rises to ten percent or more.

Both India and China have recently launched progressive policies that provide for the needs of their mentally ill, but the reality on the ground has not yet reached, the studies showed.

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“The treatment lagoons, especially in rural areas , are very large,” Vikram Patel, a professor at the School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, said in India.

could take decades for medical systems of each country to fill these gaps, the report concluded.

However, the researchers suggest that a large group of traditional-yogic practitioners of India, doctors of Chinese medicine in China and could be trained to recognize mental health problems and help with treatment .

This article was originally published on medicalxpress, Read the original article

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Posted in: Psychology & Psychiatry

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