Fundamentals of Mental Health for teens and parents – Part ;
If you are new to psychology, you’re likely to hear a variety of phrases that could be misleading. For example, you can hear the words “mental health” to describe the field of psychology or professional services provided to the community. For example, you can hear the phrase “field of mental health.” You can also hear the word “mental illness” to describe someone who suffers from a disease or to describe a particular psychological disorder. This article is the first of two that will address these differences and explain other common phrases that are used by therapists, psychologists and psychiatrists.
Essentially, mental health and mental illness are two states of mind. They are different psychological experiences – as in the experience of physical health or physical illness. The Center for Disease Control, a federal program that works to protect Americans against damage and disease, defines mental health and mental illness as follows:
Mental Health – A welfare state in which the individual is aware of his own abilities. He or she can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively, and has the ability to make a contribution to their community. Interesting research points to the fact that about 17% of American adults are in a state of optimal mental health. The research also points to the fact that mental health is generally associated with improved physical health.
Mental Illness – This is a condition associated with psychological distress and / or impaired functioning in daily life. There may be an alteration in thinking, mood or behavior, corresponding to the diagnosable mental disorders. There may also be a physical condition that puts itself at risk psychological state. For example, obesity is strongly linked with depression. Of the many psychological disorders, depression is a mental illness that affects both teenagers and adults. Currently, it is the most common type of mental illness, which affects 26% of American adults. Unfortunately, it has been estimated that by 2020, depression will be the second leading cause of disability worldwide.
As mentioned above, the research indicates that mental illness is strongly associated with the onset of many chronic diseases such as diabetes, obesity, asthma, cardiovascular disease and cancer. Unfortunately, millions of teens and adults engage in risky behavior that can eventually lead to these diseases as physical inactivity, smoking, heavy drinking, and not enough sleep. It is for this reason that teenagers often are being encouraged by parents, teachers and health professionals to get the proper amount of sleep and to care for the body. Doing so can help prevent both physical and mental illnesses.
It is true that most of the field of psychology focuses on the disease compared to mental health. Activities such as screening tests to determine whether a person has a mental illness, first, diagnose, and treat them constitute most of the field. However, recently, there have been some experts who are inviting out the positive aspects of the psychological state of one. In fact, Martin Seligman, founder of positive psychology, has precisely this kind of thinking. The second article in this series will take a look at the positive indicators in the life of a person pointing to mental health against mental illness.
This article was originally published on paradigmmalibu, Read the original article here
Posted in: Teen Depression Help