Anyone can be deficient in vitamin B12, but the risk is greater if you have digestive disorders such as celiac or Crohn’s disease and pernicious anemia (an autoimmune disease that prevents the body to produce the necessary to absorb vitamin B12 intrinsic factor). Vegetarians are also at risk of vitamin B12 deficiency because vitamin D is naturally only be obtained from the animal.
Drugs used to treat heartburn, reflux disease (GERD) and gastric ulcer, such as antagonists H2 histamine receptors and pump inhibitors proton can decrease or prevent the release of acid in the stomach, thereby altering the body’s ability to absorb vitamin B12 from food. Furthermore, metformin, a drug used to treat diabetes, can also reduce the absorption of vitamin B12. To find out if your body is deficient in vitamin B12 or not, you can do a blood test.
A number of causes of vitamin B12 deficiency. For example, due to the lack of intake of vitamin through food. The amount of food eaten a little, or does not meet the established standards. It can happen to those who are “allergic” animal food, which incidentally is the source of cobalamin (another name for vitamin B12).
Almost a third of older vegetarians 60 years no longer able to absorb vitamin B12 when they eat meat and dairy products. This is because their stomachs, which does not produce enough gastric acid, the material to break food that B12 can be stored in the body (liver and kidney) until needed again. Without stomach acid, people who eat menu with B12 in sufficient quantities may be deficient.
deficiency of vitamin B12 is characterized by a megaloblastic anemia (red blood cells swell), tiredness / weakness ( pain / weakness in the muscles of the arms and legs), constipation, loss of appetite and weight loss. Neurological disorders, such as numbness and tingling in the hands and feet can also occur. Other symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency include difficulty maintaining balance, depression, confusion, dementia, memory weakness, and pain in the mouth or tongue. In childhood, signs of vitamin B12 deficiency include growth, movement disorders, developmental delay, growth retardation and megaloblastic anemia.
The cases are more easily in patients with vitamin B12 deficiency is pernicious anemia. Namely, anemia is caused by cobalamin deficiency. For the level of vitamin B12 deficiency are lighter, you can find some of the following symptoms:
If you find some of the symptoms above, please contact medical staff to perform a blood test to see if there is a deficiency of vitamin B12 in the body . If positive experience mild deficiency of vitamin B12, which is found in advance, if the cause of cobalamin deficiency. If due to the lower body can absorb vitamin B12, then the doctor will give injections or other forms of vitamin B12 supplements to replace a cobalamin is not absorbed by the body.
Regarding the deficiency caused by a specific diet, for example, for vegetarians, then this can be overcome by taking tablets of vitamin B complex containing vitamin B12 in a safe dose. methods as simple as it can help overcome deficiency disorders and prevent permanent damage to the nervous system and brain.
In case of severe vitamin B12 deficiency, patients may experience:
Vitamin B12 deficiency may also increase the risk of infertility and few links with increased risk of cancer.
Note that vitamin B12 needs vary by age. And aged 0 to 3 years require 400-900 nanograms of vitamin B12 every day. Ages 4 to 13 years require 1.2 to 2.4 mcg of vitamin B12 per day. Age 14 years or more requires 2.4 to 2.8 mcg of vitamin B12 per day. Preventing dishes with vitamin B12, especially the best meat. meat animal protein such as fish meat you can eat if you are locked with beef, goat or prevent high cholesterol and high blood pressure. If you are also able to meet the needs of vitamin B12 in meat can be consumed fermented vegetables such as tofu or tempeh.
In addition, eating processed seaweed, algae shaped jelly or jelly can also help you meet the needs of vitamin B12 foods. Avoid becoming a vegetarian. The intake of vitamin B12 deficiency, due to eating vegetables too without being followed by the need for vitamin B12 from animal sources, compared invite disease caused by vitamin B12 deficiency. Also prevent a deficiency of vitamin B12, taking a multivitamin or consult a doctor for vitamin supplements. Effects of vitamin B12 deficiency in the human body for , article source: http://www.gethealthiness.com/2015/01/vitamin-b12-deficiency-effects-to-human.html