death rate from cancer US continues to fall ;
(HealthDay) -In general rates cancer and cancer deaths in the United States continue to decline, according to a newly published report.
“The most recent data show that many cancer prevention programs are working and saving lives,” Dr. Tom Frieden, director of the Centers for Disease Control and Disease Prevention, said in a press release of the organizations that issued the report.
“But the increasing burden of liver cancer is problematic. We need to do more work to promote hepatitis test, treatment and vaccination,” said Frieden.
The Report to the Nation on the Status of Cancer is released each year by the American Cancer Society, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the National Cancer Institute (NCI), and the North Central Association of cancer Registries America.
Between 2003 and 2012, the overall death rate for all cancers dropped 1.5 percent per year. There was a reduction of cancer deaths for both men and women and among all racial and ethnic groups.
During that time, rates of new cases of cancer among men fell and remained stable for women. The fall of new cancer cases is largely due to advances in the prevention and early detection and reducing cancer deaths may also be due to better treatments, experts suggested.
snuff control programs have contributed to lower rates of lung cancer, the leading cause of cancer death in the United States, along with other cancers, according to the report.
While the news is generally good, incidence and mortality of liver cancer growth rates compared to other cancers, the report revealed.
Between 2008 and 2012, cases of liver cancer increased an average of just over 2 percent a year, the results showed. deaths from liver cancer rose nearly 3 percent per year among men and more than 3 percent per year among women during the same time. In all racial and ethnic groups, about twice as many men than women were diagnosed with liver cancer, according to the report.
Between 2008 and 2012, rates of liver cancer were higher among men / Alaska Native and / Asian Pacific Islander men.
In addition, the results showed that people born between 1945 and 1965 had the highest rates of hepatitis C-related deaths and liver cancer.
“Research over recent decades has led to the development of various vaccines administered at appropriate ages, can reduce the risk of some cancers, including liver cancer,” Dr. Douglas Lowy the director in functions of the National Institute Cancer, said in the press release.
“To determine which cancers can be prevented effectively by vaccines and other methods is one of our top priorities in the NCI, and one that we really make a difference in the trends of incidence and cancer mortality” Lowy said.
An important factor contributing to liver cancer in the United States is infection of hepatitis C, which represents more than 20 percent of the cancers most common liver. People born between 1945 and 1965 are six times higher risk of hepatitis C infection and the CDC recommends that it be tested.
Diagnosis and treatment of hepatitis C infection can greatly reduce the risk of liver cancer. Hepatitis B infection may also increase the risk of liver cancer, and is a common risk factor among Asians / Pacific Islanders, especially Asians who were not born in the United States. Obesity, type 2 diabetes and excessive alcohol consumption are also linked to an increased risk of liver cancer, according to the report.
“We have the knowledge and tools available to curb the epidemic of liver cancer in the US, including testing and treatment for hepatitis C, hepatitis B vaccination, and down rates of obesity, “said Dr. Otis Brawley, chief medical officer of the American cancer Society.
“We hope that this report will help attention and resources focus on cancer liver ” he added.
This article was originally published on medicalxpress, Read the original article
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