underweight at birth and maternal exposure to stress are very common during pregnancy and can lead to poor health outcomes in children, previous research suggested. A new study explored what these could also mean for the health of a mother’s pregnancy.
low maternal birth weight, stress during pregnancy can lead to poor health of the mother
low birth weight or stress during pregnancy can cause health problems long term in women, according to a study published in The Journal of Physiology .
‘low birth weight or maternal stress during pregnancy can cause health problems long term in women, affecting adrenal, metabolic and cardio-renal health after pregnancy. “
The study found that stress during pregnancy leads to health problems long term mothers, affecting adrenal, metabolic and cardio-renal health after pregnancy.
Jean Ni Cheong, University of Melbourne, and doctoral student who led the study, said it was known that being born low birth weight or experiencing stress during pregnancy increases the risk of complications during pregnancy.
“We know that women are born with low birth weight not adapt as well as for pregnancy and have a higher risk of developing various complications, and experience stress can also induce these complications,” said Ms. Cheong.
“However, little is known about how to experience stress during pregnancy and being born with low birth weight affects mothers for the rest of their lives.”
The researchers used a rat model where the restriction of oxygen, nutrients and blood supply during pregnancy resulted in babies born with low birth weight. When female rats LBW subsequently became pregnant, the researchers induced stress through common measurements taken during human pregnancy.
Long after termination of pregnancy, mothers studied parameters, including blood pressure, kidney function, the production of the stress hormone and metabolic function.
“We found that stress and low birth weight can affect independently cardiovascular, renal, adrenal and metabolic health of mothers long after pregnancy,” said Ms. Cheong. “Interestingly, having both risk factors did not lead to more serious results.”
She said the findings the researchers should pay more attention to the role complicated pregnancies on the health of women after pregnancy.
“By identifying individuals at higher risk of complications during pregnancy and therefore long-term diseases, appropriate interventions can be implemented to improve results.”
University of Melbourne Professor Mary Wlodek, Professor of Physiology and principal investigator of the study, said the findings highlight the implications for long-term health for women born small or they had to endure a stressful pregnancy.
“More research is needed to explore further why low birth weight and a stressful pregnancy causes complications in pregnancy and adversely affects the health of these mothers,” said Professor Wlodek. “By understanding these pathways, interventions and appropriate advice they can be given to women who were born small or had a stressful pregnancy.”
This article was originally published on medindia.net
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