Too much fun in the sun is not only incredibly painful at the moment, sunburn can cause lasting damage and increase your risk of skin cancer. your risk doubles with a history of five or more sunburn, according to the Skin Cancer Foundation.
What causes that pain and damage? “The energy from ultraviolet radiation damages DNA in the skin, leading to an inflammatory response with the synthesis of prostaglandins and cytokines and inflammation of the skin’s blood vessels,” he explained. Dr. Samer Jaber, a board-certified dermatologist, an assistant clinical professor of dermatology at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai in New York City. “This causes redness, swelling and pain. Sometimes the skin cells involved are destroyed. “
To start the sunburn healing process as soon as possible, it’s important to start treating sunburn as soon as you notice it, advises the American Dermatology Association. If the sun caught your eye, the good news is that you probably have some of the best home remedies for sunburn in your pantry, refrigerator, or medicine cabinet right now.
Feeling the burn? Dermatologists say to go ahead and grab these common household items to refresh and soothe yourself.
Soak a clean washcloth in cold water and apply it to the burn five times a day for 5-10 minutes to cool your skin, Jaber recommended.
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the American Dermatology Association Explain that cold water can help put out the fire you feel on your skin. Take a cold shower and pat yourself dry, but leave your skin a little clammy to absorb any moisturizer you apply.
To help a sunburn heal, the key is to keep it hydrated. aloe vera It is a time-tested sunburn healer that cools the skin on contact. Jaber recommended applying some sunburn a few times a day, or making cold compresses with aloe hidden in the fridge.
Most people have one or the other of these medicine cabinet staples. “Anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like ibuprofen reduce inflammation and pain from sunburn by blocking the action of prostaglandins,” says Dr. Adnan Mir, Pediatric Dermatology Society Chairman of the Committee. “Prostaglandins are pro-inflammatory molecules that your body releases to help control DNA damage caused by ultraviolet light, and they have the unfortunate side effect of causing pain, which can sometimes be quite serious,” he explained.
A colloidal oatmeal bath can relieve painful sunburn with its anti-inflammatory properties, both dermatologists said. TO draw an oatmeal bath, grind one cup of unflavored oatmeal in a food processor and add them to two cups of warm water. Dissolve until milky and ready to use. Draw a warm bath and add the oatmeal mixture to the bath and soak for 20 minutes.
Jaber says that spraying a washcloth with cold milk and using it as a compress can help ease the pain of sunburn and start the healing process, just like plain yogurt. “Apply every 20 minutes and repeat for several hours,” said Jaber.
Sunburns attract liquid to the skin’s surface and away from the rest of the body, according to the American Dermatology Association. “Drinking extra water when you get sunburned helps prevent dehydration,” its website noted.
Of course, the best way to relieve sunburn pain is to not get one in the first place. Mir suggested looking up the daily UV index first thing in the morning to get an idea of how high the risk of sunburn is and how often you will need to do it. reapply sunscreen to avoid one. “Below 3, and the risk (of sunburn) is pretty low,” Mir said. “Above 6, and anyone with lighter skin begins to risk a rapid sunburn. The intensity of UV rays increases in the middle of the day, at a higher altitude and closer to the equator. Cloud cover means a less intense sun, but it’s still possible to get sunburned on a cloudy day. “