Thinning hair: causes, types, treatment and remedies

May 29, 2019 | | Say something
As people get older, their hair may begin to lose volume and thickness. In some cases, thinning hair is related to diet, nutrient deficiencies or hereditary hair loss.

In most cases, thinning hair is not related to general health problems. However, it can affect people. mental health And self-esteem.


People can try various treatments and home remedies to improve the health, thickness and strength of hair.

In this article, we analyze the causes of thinning hair, as well as some of the treatments and home remedies available.


Thinning hair
As people age, it is normal to experience some degree of hair loss.

A certain degree of hair loss is normal. As people get older, their hair can naturally begin to lose volume and strength.

The American Academy of Dermatology (AAD) notes that people lose between 50 and 100 hairs every day. The new hair then grows back from the same hair follicles.

However, over time, some follicles stop producing hair and the hair stems become thinner. The hair also begins to lose its color.

If a person notices a significant hair thinning or the development of bald patches, they may be experiencing hair loss. According to the ADD, people can stop or treat most of the causes of hair loss.

The following sections analyze the possible causes of hair thinning.

Male or female pattern of hair loss.

Male pattern baldness and female pattern baldness are collectively referred to as androgenetic alopecia. Genes and hormones cause androgenetic alopecia.

Androgenetic alopecia is a frequent cause of hair loss. It affects approximately 50 million men and 30 million women in the United States.

According to Genetics Home Reference, the likelihood of experiencing androgenetic alopecia increases with age. Although it can affect teenagers, more than half of men over 50 have some degree of hair loss. It is more likely to affect women after menopause.

Often, people with androgenetic alopecia have relatives with the same condition.

In men, thinning of the hair tends to occur from the hairline to the back of the head. In females, it tends to affect the crown of the head.

Alopecia Areata

Alopecia areata is a condition that causes hair loss in round patches on the scalp. It can also affect the eyebrows, beard and other areas where there is hair.

People in the USA UU They have a 2.1% chance of developing alopecia areata in their life. It happens often during childhood. Genes and environmental factors are the main causes.

In alopecia areata, the hair follicles are still alive and the hair can grow back. Caregivers may treat alopecia areata with an injection into the scalp every 4 to 6 weeks for up to 6 months.

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The body needs nutrients to create new strands of hair and keep hair follicles healthy.

Protein is an essential component of hair. Micronutrients, which include vitamins and minerals, play a key role in the growth cycle of the hair follicle.

Malnutrition and vitamin deficiencies can cause hair loss. Eating a healthy and varied diet can help promote the continued growth of strong and healthy hair.

Eating a nutritious diet can also prevent the following signs of damaged hair:

  • fragile hair shafts
  • an opaque appearance
  • dryness
  • dandruff

vitamin D deficiency

Vitamin D stimulates the hair follicles, resulting in hair growth. When a person does not get enough vitamin D, they may experience hair loss, along with other symptoms.

Some research has linked deficiencies of vitamin D with alopecia areata.

Learn about vitamin D deficiency and hair loss.


After a long period of significant stress, people may notice that their hair feels thinner than normal. This is called telogen effluvium.

When stress causes the hair to thin out, people generally notice that their hair returns to its normal volume once the stressful situation begins to happen.

Health professionals can help people manage important moments of stress. Speaking and behavioral therapies can help. People can also try natural remedies to deal with stress and anxiety.

The pregnancy

People may notice hair loss during or after pregnancy. Typically, the hair grows back without any treatment.


People may try to take prescription medications to treat thinning hair.

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has officially approved two prescription drugs for the treatment of androgenetic alopecia: minoxidil and finasteride.


Minoxidil comes in 2% and 5% treatments. People apply the product directly in the areas of thinning hair.

This is a safe and effective treatment for androgenetic alopecia.

Hair growth takes 6 to 12 months to improve. However, people who take minoxidil will have to keep taking it permanently, or hair loss will happen again.

Side effects of taking minoxidil may include:

  • contact dermatitis
  • Skin irritation
  • excessive hair growth


Finasteride (Propecia) is an oral medication. People who experience hair loss take 1 milligram a day. This is a prescription medication for men who have already tried minoxidil without success.

Side effects of taking finasteride may include:

Home remedies

eating eggs can help you lose weight
Eating eggs can stimulate hair growth.

People can also try a variety of home remedies to improve hair growth.

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However, not all home remedies have scientific support. For this reason, people should talk to a doctor before trying any new home remedy for hair loss.

Studies on natural treatments are numerous and promising. However, herbal remedies do not currently have FDA approval, and more research is needed to confirm their benefits.

The following sections discuss the home remedies that people can treat to treat thinning hair.

Eat healthy hair foods

Diet plays an important role in the strength and health of a person's hair. Proteins, fats and certain vitamins and minerals are especially important for hair health.

People may notice improvements in hair growth when they increase the amount of certain foods in their diet.

Foods that can stimulate hair growth include:

  • Eggs: These contain proteins, which is essential for hair growth. They also contain biotin, a vitamin B that can stimulate hair growth, although the results of research are varied.
  • Brazil nuts: These are a source of selenium, a mineral that can improve hair health.
  • Fatty fish: This is a good source of omega-3, which can also improve hair growth.
  • Nuts: These also contain omega-3.

Get more vitamin D

Deficiencies of vitamin D can contribute to hair loss. Addressing this deficiency could improve thinning hair.

People get most of their vitamin D from exposure to sunlight and their diet. Foods rich in vitamin D include:

  • fatty fish
  • cow liver
  • cheese
  • egg yolks
  • mushrooms
  • Fortified foods, such as milk, cereals and juices.

Test essential oils

Some people use essential oils to stimulate hair growth. Little research has been done on the effectiveness of these oils, but they are unlikely to be harmful.

When using essential oils, people should always dilute them in a carrier oil such as coconut oil or jojoba oil to avoid irritation. Get more information about carrier oils here.

Aromatherapy professionals can use the following oils to stimulate hair growth:

Rosemary oil

Some studies in animals have suggested that rosemary oil can increase blood flow and, therefore, could improve the health of the scalp. A healthy scalp is important for healthy hair growth.

A 2015 trial compared rosemary oil with 2% minoxidil. After 6 months, participants who applied rosemary oil and those who applied topical minoxidil experienced significant hair growth.

Peppermint oil

Also able to stimulate blood circulation, peppermint oil has shown promise as a treatment for thinning hair.

In an animal study conducted in 2014, scientists discovered that, compared to treatments using salt water, jojoba oil and 3% minoxidil, those using peppermint oil led to the most amount of hair growth in the body. weeks

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They measured the hair growth by evaluating the hair thickness, the number of follicles and the depth of the follicles.

Other oils

Some people also use the following oils for hair growth:

  • Cedar wood
  • lavender oil
  • tulsi oil
  • thyme oil
  • Scalp massage

Massaging the scalp can help promote blood flow. This, in turn, can stimulate hair growth. Performing a gentle massage on the scalp with essential oils can provide additional benefits.

Other natural remedies

According to a 2019 review of alternative treatments for alopecia, the following remedies may also help with hair growth:

  • Capsaicin, a compound present in red chili peppers.
  • Ginseng, an herb traditionally used as a remedy for hair loss.
  • Garlic gel, for its antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties.
  • Onion juice, which can stimulate the hair follicles.
  • Procyanidin, a class of flavonoid antioxidants found in apples, cinnamon and grapes
  • Caffeine, which can promote cell proliferation and hair growth.

The study authors also suggest testing the following alternative medicine practices, as they can help reduce stress and anxiety:


thinning hair
Doctors can often diagnose the cause of thinning hair from a person's diet, pre-existing medical conditions and family history.

Doctors can often diagnose the cause of thinning hair by observing the pattern of hair loss.

You can ask a person about:

  • your current diet
  • any pre-existing medical condition
  • a family history of thinning hair
  • a family history of medical conditions that can cause thinning hair

A doctor can send hair or scalp samples to a lab for more tests. In some cases, they may order blood tests to rule out autoimmune diseases.

When to see a doctor

In most cases, thinning hair is not related to general health problems. If a person is concerned about hair loss or if it affects their mental well-being, they can consult a doctor.

If a person loses a lot of hair without a known cause, they should consult their doctor. This is especially important if you have made changes in your diet recently or have started taking supplements.

The doctor may recommend that a person go to a skin specialist or dermatologist to determine the best ways to treat thinning hair.


As a person ages, it is natural for their hair to lose strength and volume. In many cases, people can improve the strength and general health of their hair with treatments and home remedies.

The use of prescription drugs, topical treatments and natural remedies can help to prevent or delay hair loss. In some cases, the treatment of an underlying condition will resolve the hair loss.


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