Versus adolescent bipolar disorder in adults ;
According to National Institute of Mental Health , bipolar disorder affects approximately 5.7 million American adults, or about 2.6 percent of the US population age over 18 years in a given year. For children and adolescents, bipolar disorder will develop in approximately 1-5% of whom are under 18 years of age. However, when the bipolar disorder develops in childhood or early adolescence, it is known as a form of early onset of mental illness. Because, in general, the typical onset of this disease is 25 Mental age. Bipolar can begin in childhood and develop as late as 40 years old.
bipolar disorder is a mood, which means that all psychological disease, is a disorder that affects mood, emotions and perception. Characteristic of this disorder is a swing in mood from depression to mania. However, research now indicates that the difference in experience mood swings among adolescents and adults may be due to differences in brain development. The adolescent brain is still developing, which can help to have different experiences of the disease, when as a teenager against being an adult. The gray matter of the brain, which contains most of the neurons of the brain and is known as the thinking part of the brain is still growing in adolescents. However, for adults, the development of brain gray matter is complete. Next to this is the still developing frontal cortex, which completes its growth during ages 23-26. The frontal cortex performs reasoning, planning, judgment and impulse control, needs to be an adult. This may explain the tendency of a teenager to make wrong decisions and an inability to discern whether a situation is safe.
These trends could contribute to significant risk factors in the experience of a teen mania and depression. Usually, euphoria, elation, racing thoughts, irritability, and substance use are common symptoms of a manic episode. Symptoms of depression that some imbalances in the brain can cause decreased energy, insomnia, fatigue, agitation and suicidal thoughts. Both experiences can lead to risks for teens. Severe depression can lead to suicide, and extreme mania can lead to substance abuse. It is not surprising to know that approximately 40% of adolescents with bipolar disorder also have a substance abuse disorder. Cocaine, for example, could help amplify high, while the use of marijuana could help lower the mood if teenagers feel too hyperactive or manic. Some teens also engage in other forms of self-harm, such as cutting or risk behaviors as a way to take her emotional pain and speed the maximum.
For these reasons, it is important that adolescents receive treatment of their disorder as soon as possible. Treatment of bipolar disorder and minimizing mood changes including the use of medication and therapy, such as cognitive behavioral therapy, Rational Emotive Behavior (REBT) Dialectical Behavioral Therapy preparation for life, psycho-education, and hospitalization, if necessary. When medication combined with therapy, there is a greater likelihood of reaching and maintaining mental health.
Mood stabilizers are a common treatment medication for bipolar disorder and may help prevent oscillation of depression to mania or hypomania. However, not all mood stabilizer also be responsible for depression or mania. For example, lithium works more effectively to treat depression against manic episodes way, while the drug commonly referred to as Depakote works well in the treatment of mania. In fact, Depakote seems to be more effective in treating adolescents with four or more mood episodes per year (known as rapid cycling). Finding the right medication, or a combination of drugs, taking into account the particular circumstances of your teen is a necessary debate to have a psychiatrist. Also, as expected, lithium, Depakote, and other mood stabilizers come with side effects that are worthy of exploration before your teen starts any medicine.
If any of these symptoms seem to be present for you or a teen you know, the next step is to seek help from a mental health professional. Instead of trying to restore imbalances in the brain itself through drugs, alcohol, excessive exercise, being evaluated by a psychologist or counselor can facilitate finding the right long-term treatment and healing.
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Posted in: Teen Behavior Issues