Aphasia in Dementia: Word jumbles

Apr 24, 2018 | | Say something

Aphasia in Dementia: Word jumbles ;

Aphasia affects a person’s ability to communicate. It affects the functions of language, such as speaking, understanding what others say, and name common objects. Learn the causes, types and some tips.

What it is aphasia

Aphasia (ah-FA-ze-ah) is a language disorder that affects the ability to communicate. “Aphasia” is a general term used to refer to deficits in language functions, such as speaking, understanding what others say, and name common objects.

What causes aphasia

Aphasia is most often caused by a stroke affecting the left side of the brain that controls speech and language center of the brain. (See figure.)

In a stroke, a clogged artery or burst in the brain disrupts blood flow. If the center of the speech and language of the brain is damaged, the result is aphasia. More extensive damage usually leads to vascular dementia.
Aphasia can also be caused by diseases such as frontotemporal dementia (FTD, for short). Aphasia is more pronounced in the type of FTD called primary progressive aphasia (PPA).

What are the characteristics of aphasia?

Aphasia stroke or mini-strokes

Aphasia does not affect intelligence. In cases where aphasia is not mixed with other symptoms, patients remain mentally alert, even though their speech may be jumbled, fragmented or impossible to understand. When caused by a stroke, aphasia can improve, or patients may continue to have:

  • Slurred speech, such as “getting the words”
  • Difficulty finding words
  • problems understanding what others say
  • the problems with reading, writing or mathematics
  • Inability to process long words and words that are used infrequently
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progressive aphasia

progressive aphasia is a type of aphasia that progress and continue to worsen. Usually, it is caused by a disease called “frontotemporal dementia.” It can start in people and in their forties. One or more language skills may deteriorate. Symptoms usually start gradually progress slowly over a period of years. As the disease progresses, memory and attention may also be affected, patients can show changes in personality and behavior. Many, but not all, people with progressive aphasia eventually develop additional symptoms of dementia.

There are two subcategories of progressive aphasia.

1. Primary progressive aphasia (PPA) is described as “non-fluent aphasia,” because the patient loses fluency He speaks. It is characterized mainly by:
  • a bit confusing speech
  • A decrease in talk
  • Difficulty understanding complex sentences

Note that lose his ability to speak, but not understanding.

2. “. The Fluent aphasia” Semantic dementia is described as is characterized by:
  • The person may leave the volume words fluent in speech
  • Difficulty with the meaning of words and name familiar objects or
  • talking about what they are trying to tell
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patients they have fewer behavioral symptoms and functional deficits in the early stages.

Understanding the behavior of people with aphasia

People with aphasia are often frustrated and confused because they can not speak or understand things like the way they did before their stroke. They may act differently because of changes in their brain.
Imagine looking at newspaper headlines in the morning and not be able to recognize words or trying to say “put the car in the garage” and leave “put the train in the house” or “Car Tee plissen ung widdle issuer. “Thousands of alert, intelligent men and women suddenly immersed in a world of confused communication due to aphasia.

What are the forms of aphasia?

There are several forms of aphasia. They include:

  • Global aphasia – People with this type of aphasia can be completely unable to speak, name objects, repeat phrases or follow commands
  • [

  • Broca’s aphasia – the person who knows what he means, but can not find the right words (you can not pronounce the words)
  • Wernicke’s aphasia -. A person with this rarely aphasia can understand what is said or control what they say

Questions to ask your doctor or nurse

Take a few minutes to write your own questions for the next time you see your healthcare provider:

  1. How long will I need therapy?
  2. My aphasia go?
  3. How I can find a group of stroke or aphasia support?
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Care Tips

How can you help family, friends and caregivers?

A person with aphasia and family members need the help and support of a physician, counselor and a speech pathologist. It is a good idea for family and friends to:

  1. Be open about the problem that people can understand.
  2. Always assume that the person with aphasia is listening and understanding. Check understanding of yes / no.
  3. Establish a daily routine for the person with aphasia which includes rest and time to practice skills.
  4. Use phrases that are short and to the point.
  5. Keep the noise level and standing, where the person with aphasia can see you.
  6. Remember to treat the patient as an adult and he or she involvement in decision-making allowed. No one likes to be ignored. Include the patient in conversation.
  7. Help the person with aphasia to deal with feelings of frustration and depression.
  8. Be patient with the person with aphasia. give them the time they need to try to speak and make themselves understood to you. This dignity is respected.
  9. Talk to your doctor, nurse or other health professional.

This article was originally published on alzheimersweekly, Read the original article here

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Posted in: Alzheimer's & Dementia, Diagnosis:Related-Conditions, Therapy, Understanding Dementia

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